Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. Early parliamentary elections were held in Nauru on 8 April 2000. All candidates ran as independents. Following the election René Harris was elected President by the Parliament, defeating Bernard Dowiyogo by one vote. However, following the resignation of Speaker Ludwig Scotty and Deputy Speaker Ross Cain, Cain resigned, and Dowiyogo was subsequently elected President. Voter turnout was 88.8%. Hammer DeRoburt, KBE (25 September 1922 15 July 1992) was the founding President of the Republic of Nauru, and ruled the country for most of its first twenty years of independence.