Vineuil is a commune in the Loir-et-Cher department in central France. The commune is the lowest level of administrative division in the French Republic. French communes are roughly equivalent to incorporated municipalities or villages in the United States or Gemeinden in Germany. French communes have no exact equivalent in the United Kingdom, but are closest to parishes, towns or cities. A French commune can be a city of two million inhabitants as in Paris; a town of ten thousand people or just a ten-person hamlet.