Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. Jaap (or Jakob) Kunst (b. Groningen, 12 August 1891, d. Amsterdam, 7 December 1960) was a Dutch ethnomusicologist, particularly associated with the study of gamelan music of Indonesia. He is known for coining the word "ethnomusicology" as a more accurate alternative to the then-preferred term, "comparative musicology". Kunst was the only child of two musicians, and began to study the violin at only 18 months old. Drawn toward the study of Dutch folk songs, he continued to play violin throughout his life. He earned a degree in law from the University of Groningen in 1917, and pursued a career in banking and law for the next two years. While touring with a string trio the Dutch East Indies, he decided to remain on Java, and found a government post in Bandung. Meanwhile, he became interested in the Indonesian music, especially that of Java. He began an archive of musical instruments, field recordings, books, and photographs for the Batavia Museum (Batavia is the colonial name of Jakarta).