Ruit van Bonjol
Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. The Ruit Bonjol commemorates the conquest of the fortress Bonjol in the former Dutch East Indies in 1837 after the prolonged Padri War against Tuanku Imam Bonjol and his followers. Tuanku Imam Bonjol (1772 November 6, 1864), also known as Muhammad Syahab, Peto Syarif, and Malim Basa, was a hero in the Indonesian struggle against Dutch rule. He was born in the village of Tanjung Bunga in the Pasaman regency of West Sumatra. His father''s name was Buya Nudin. He was immersed in Islamic studies as he grew up, studying first from his father and later under various other Muslim theologians. After founding the state of Bonjol, Syarif became involved in the Adat/Paderi controversy as a Paderi leader. The Paderi movement, which has been compared to the Wahhabi school of Islam in Saudi Arabia, was an effort to return the Islam of the area to the purity of its roots by removing local distortions like gambling, cockfighting, the use of opium and strong drink, tobacco, and so forth. It also opposed the powerful role of women in the matrilineal Minangkabau culture.