Year 1999: §Europe and the rest of the world witness the§emergence of a new and unprecedented political§project: the European Security and Defence Policy (ESDP).§Year 2003: §The United States start the war on Iraq. The European§Union member states are divided about how to react:§Joining the "coalition of the willing" or saying "no"§to the war? What started as a mere difference of§opinion leads to a deep crisis. Many experts and§commentators predict the collapse of ESDP. §The two essays in this book analyse ESDP in the§crucial year 2003 and elaborate the question why ESDP§is important for Europe, the transatlantic community§and world security. §The first essay "In Defence of European Defence: A§European Perspective" is a direct response to Charles§Kupchan''s article "In Defence of European Defence: An§American Perspective" (2000). It highlights the§reasons why ESDP is beneficial and necessary from a§European point of view.§The second essay "ESDP - Finality of European§Integration and Project of Peace" examines the§potential of ESDP of becoming Europe''s peace project§number one and realizing permanent peace in Europe.