Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. Spilostethus pandurus is a species of ground bugs belonging to the family Lygaeidae, subfamily Lygaeinae. It is found in the Euro-mediterranean-Turaniaan Region, with a more southern spread in respect of Spilostethus saxatilis. The Lygaeidae are a family in the Hemiptera (true bugs), with some 60 genera in six subfamilies. The family includes the insects commonly known as milkweed bugs, and also some of those known as seed bugs. The family used to be vastly larger, as numerous former subfamilies have been removed and given independent family status, including Artheneidae, Blissidae, Cryptorhamphidae, Cymidae, Geocoridae, Heterogastridae, Ninidae, Oxycarenidae, Pachygronthidae, and Rhyparochromidae, which together constituted well over half of the former family. Many of the species feed on seeds, although some feed on sap (mucivory).